Bright, Beautiful and 2,000 Degrees

This Fourth of July, Avoid Injuries from Fireworks

They are bright, beautiful, sparkly and fun to watch — but fireworks can injure you. According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) more than 9,000 fireworks-related injuries occur each year.

The CPSC said that of all fireworks-related injuries, 70 to 75 percent occur during the 30-day period around the July 4th holiday. The injury rate is highest among boys aged 10 to 14 years old. John Griswold, M.D., Texas Tech Physicians—Surgery and medical director of the Timothy J. Harnar Burn Center, said many parents feel sparklers are innocent and cannot harm a child. But for children under the age of five, sparklers account for one-third of all fireworks injuries.

“Remember that sparklers can burn at almost 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit, which is as hot as a burning charcoal grill fire and hot enough to quickly cause a third-degree burn if not handled correctly,” Griswold said.

He said most injuries from fireworks affect the hands, face and eyes. The third-degree burns tend to be small but extremely deep. Griswold said if you do get a burn do the following:

    • Extinguish any flames or get away from any fires. If a fire does start, call 9-1-1.


    • Rinse the area with cool water only. Do not soak the burn. Cover it with a clean, dry towel or gauze.


    • Go to the nearest emergency center or urgent care center immediately.

Kelly Mitchell, M.D., Texas Tech Physicians — Eye Clinic said nearly 30 percent of fireworks injuries occur to the eyes.

“One-fourth of fireworks eye injuries result in permanent vision loss or blindness,” Mitchell said. “Children are the most common victims of firework accidents, with those fifteen years old or younger accounting for half of all fireworks eye injuries in the U.S.”

For a safe and healthy Independence Day celebration, the American Academy of Ophthalmology gives the following fireworks safety tips:

    • Always wear protective eyewear if you are using fireworks


    • Never let children play with fireworks of any type


    • View fireworks from a safe distance at least 500 feet away or up to a quarter of a mile for best viewing


    • Follow directives given by event ushers or public safety personnel


    • If you find unexploded fireworks remains, do not touch them

According to Mitchell, if you do injure your eye, do not put pressure on it or rub it. The best thing is to promptly get to a physician or hospital for care.

“Almost all eye injuries from fireworks are preventable,” Mitchell said. “Take precautions to keep your family safe to have a wonderful holiday.”


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Texas Tech Physicians

Texas Tech Physicians

Texas Tech Physicians is a physician group and part of the School of Medicine and the Paul L. Foster School of Medicine.

Clinics are located in Amarillo, El Paso, Lubbock and the Permian Basin, encompassing 108 counties of Texas and New Mexico comprising 103,000 square miles with a population of 2.6 million people.

Receiving care in a medical school setting is unique – many Texas Tech Physicians are also teachers. They must remain up-to-date in new treatments and diagnostics, not only to care for their patients, but also to pass on that knowledge to resident physicians, physicians studying in fellowships and medical students.

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